“Perio” means around, “dont” refers to the tooth and “itis” means inflammation. Therefore, periodontitis is an infection of the bone and other structures surrounding the tooth. Periodontitis is an advanced form of gingivitis where the infection has invaded the bone that supports the tooth
What causes Periodontitis?
The cause is essentially the same as with gingivitis ie. bacteria in the oral cavity accumulating on the teeth over time, affecting first the gums and then infecting the bone.
What are the symptoms of Periodontitis?
Unfortunately, periodontitis is often called the “silent disease”, with few warning signs that the patient can recognize. Periodontitis may produce swelling and reddening of the gums, bad breath, and bleeding gums. As with gingivitis the dentist or dental hygienist can rapidly make a diagnosis.