What is Gum Disease?
There are two different general types of gum diseases—gingivitis and periodontitis. The ending on both words, “itis” means ‘inflammation of’ — therefore, gingivitis is inflammation of the gingiva (gums) and periodontitis is inflammation of the bone around the tooth (perio-around).
What causes the “itises”?
Gum Disease is caused by an accumulation on the teeth of bacteria normally found in the mouth. This collection of bacteria is called DENTAL PLAQUE. An important point to remember is that gingivitis is a bacterial disease that can only be caused by bacteria!